Hello everybody! Today we will puzzle out Freud’s psychology. At the heart of Freud’s phychology lies the topographical model of the mind Topographical means that it can be imaged on the piece of paper So you could get a point, we need to hook up with two plains, through which Freud analyzes the structure of the personality On the one hand the structure is divided into three levels The conscious, The subconscious, The unconscious Conscious are things that we sense, experience or realize at the very moment Things that you see, things that you hear and things you are thinking about lies at the consciousness The subconsciousness reminds me of random access memory of the computer Here lies the information that you aren’t actually experiencing at the moment For example You don’t keep in mind what you’ve had for breakfast today but if you are asked to recall it, memories will bubble to the surface immediatly you don’t keep in mind That information at every moment of the present But still it can be easily extracted out of your memories The subconscious is like the bridge between the consciousness and unconsciousness Far deeper part of your mind At this fathomless depth your secret instinctive emotions infant traumas and offences repressed wishes and hell knows what more hides beneath the surface On the over hand the mind is divided into following parts Id – instinctive, primitive and inborn aspects of the personality Ego – the system that responsible for making decisions And superego – the set of values, standarts and restrictions which you’ve got as a result of socialization To imagine how these parts cooperate in your mind Imagine the situation when you fancy an ice-cream Id, your instincts, wants a vanilla ice come hell or high water! Everything it thinks about is satisfying the requirement but before carrying out the wish the superego comes in the way that says that taking away the ice-cream from the kid is bad and you’ll be judged by the society what to do at the situation like this – the ego decides Only ego takes final decision to steal to take away or to buy an ice-cream to postpone the wish suppress or to rechannel it id and superego is your personal everlasting the Second World War The conflict of your desires and insticts VS values and restrictions never stops even for an instant It’s like ageless fight of good and evil But don’t label anything Not everything that id requires is bad And not everything that values, I mean superego, requires can head off from the wrong way In the end, someone’s superego allows to eat of their kind The object of your desire can be everything, even an ice-cream And the motivation is the amount of energy is needed to find and eat it in other words to satisfy your want this is it There are a lot of different insticts Freud highlighted following Eros, or life instinc and Thanatos or death instinct In general they consist of our sexual desires and desires in aggresion and distruction The energy of sexual desires Freud called Libido Yeah, Freud was naughty dude and sex was his favourite topic of discussion In his theories he proposed thesises that Sasha Grey wouldn’t dream of Our wish to copulate with each other Freud almost considered as the main driving-force besides sex Freud loved to speak about the infancy and if might seemed to you a little bit weird don’t worry it seemed a little bit strange to a lot of people beside you and I’m just getting started to speak about weird things Freud thought that the mind gets pass over several developmental stages Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latent and Genital yeah you heard that all stages are closely connected to erotogenic zones zones of accumulation of livido Almost everything Including your traits and features Freud could explain with certain moments of your childhood For instance the residual symptom of oral stage when the main wish is a wish for your mother’s breasts involve chewing gums, nail-biting, smoking and so on Freud explaind that… let’s say not very effective getting pass over that stage and if the child got excessive or insufficient stimulation it could bring to the formation of oral-passive type of personality Funny, optimistic and trusting person Every stage can be discussed for a long time There’re a lot of interesting things in Freud’s theories From those by which I can surprise you I can name one more oedipus complex At the Fallic stage when the kid begins to identify himselve or herselve as a boy or a girl the unconscious I repeat the un-conscious a wish to kill the parent of his or her sex and to copulate with a parent of opposite sex appears no commets here remember that I tell you about only the most interesting and heating the imagination I just can’t tell everything and explain everything at the same video So I ask you to hold back from making single-value estimation of Freud’s theories because you can’t make a judgement by learning tiny bit of them Reading Freud’s book you can follow the Freud’s logic and all those things won’t seem to you so weird and you like this video leave a like and subscribe so I could understand that you’d like to see more videos like this one and the last interesting thing I want to tell you about is Defense Mechanisms of Ego When our instincs seem to us so unacceptable Anxiety takes over us The wish to satisfy the desire won’t disappear but realizing it is also something scarry and unbelieveble then our brain uses several approaches to hide or rechannel our uncoscious desires we can edge the desire out to the unconsciousness and try to tomb it there we can project it on the another object For example we wish for the sweet and we are very ashamed of it and in stead of the sweet we eat a carrot you’ve been upset with your boss and kick an innocent can on your way our brain can replace one wish with another or explain our weird actions with some kind of logic we can absolutely deny the desire or even vice versa – being a fan of meat you may become a vegan some people say that people who are intolerant to nonstandard sexual orientation are probably involved in it themselves our mind can also get back to childhood to decrease the anxiety for example we can take an offence and don’t speak or drive a car at high speed Freud considered the sublimation as the best machanism When the force of one source of anxiety we rechannel to another, a social acceprable, activity For an instance our sexual energy we can redirect to the fight for freedom writing a novel or drawing To sum up lets look through main thesises three levels of the mind: conscious, subconscious and unconscious and three parts: id, ego and superego id wants, superego normalize and ego decides Eros, or life instinct and Thanatos or death instinct Libido – the sexual energy Five psychosexual stages and each has a conflisct successful solving which leads to the successful development of the personality And the last thing Our ego can protect us from the anxiety by using different defense mechanisms Don’t forget to subscribe Sincerely yours, Eddy. See you.