Students with Disabilities: Special Education Categories

Students with Disabilities: Special Education Categories



hello and welcome to teachings and education the 14 categories of students with disabilities for classroom educators teachers and others in this video all 14 categories will be defined explored on the basis of its characteristics and offer various teaching strategies specific to that category of disability now we'll begin with the first category on the list intellectual disability intellectual disabilities can be defined as significantly below average general intelligence existing with deficits in adaptive behavior children with this disability have an IQ below 70 they also have difficulties in comprehension and life functions these children may have difficulties with simple tasks such as washing their hands when teaching these students use concrete examples have patience and break down the material these children are sweet and loving use manipulatives and engaging resources for these children they really want to learn next up this refers to a child with both hearing and visual disabilities evident before age 3 these children often have a genetic condition called Asha syndrome which affects a child at birth the major symptoms of Usher syndrome are hearing loss the teacher should use large print textbooks Braille sign language and tactile learning there is a great variety of large print books available and some educators have taken up learning sign language now next up specific learning disability specific learning disability can be defined as a disorder in basic psychological processes and the imperfect ability to think speak read write and do math students have difficulties with specific academic skill sets like math reading writing etc students may struggle processing information in one subject or skill set as opposed to another skill set teachers should carefully read the IEP to identify the best accommodations for these students teachers should really study a student's strengths and weaknesses which are found in their IEP fourth on the board deafness it is defined as an inability to comprehend verbal language due to a lack of hearing ability characterized by deafness these children have a hearing loss in pitch and loudness greater than 90 decibel these students are unable to fully hear even with amplification meaning even hearing aids do not really help teachers who support students with text-to-speech technology and provide a classroom note-taker some types of assistive technology can be very expensive and high and as providing notes can be done by other students fifth on the board developmental disabilities are defined as children aged three through nine with developmental delay in physical cognitive social emotional or adaptive development the good news is that these children are often given early intervention services for their specific needs these children are less developmentally or less developed physically when comparing to children of the same age early intervention services include assistive technology and medical nursing and nutritional services nutritional services may recommend specific diets and these children require a number of different supports and medical treatments continuing we move on to other health impairments this category of disability includes a range of conditions such as having limited strength vitality or alertness due to acute health problems these students mostly have troubles due to their ADHD which leads to a lack of concentration the ADHD students will daze off in class be sure to teach the students strengths try to put them in a position to succeed our next category is emotionally disturbed / emotional disturbance these students may be bipolar depressed anxious and have psychological problems as well these children are ill-tempered and anger easily some are very withdrawn and antisocial teachers should have the behavior intervention plans in place for each students these kids are some of the most difficult to teach you must be prepared to have a plan of action the upcoming category on the board speech language impairment these students are defined as having a communication disorder such as stuttering impaired articulation and language or voice and cameras these students have trouble communicating during class presentations and participating students with speech language impairment are identified at a very early age and research has shown a great improvement from early intervention teachers should communicate and work with the speech-language pathologist on a regular basis build a relationship with speech teachers that revolve around providing the best education for the students next on the whiteboard traumatic brain injury this is defined as an acquired injury to the brain caused by external physical force resulting in total or partial functional disability these students often have memory difficulties and concentration problems due to brain injury even with research we don't really know exactly how traumatic brain injury will affect cognitive processes modify the work provide the students with extra time use clear worksheets and scaffold these students are going to need accommodations such as extra time try to avoid clutter on quizzes and worksheets next up stay with me here orthopedic impairments this disability is defined as a severe impairment of the bones or muscles that adversely affects a child's educational performance these students suffer severe burns deformations bone abnormalities and distortions the disability can be caused by bone tuberculosis some students even have muscle abnormalities and distortions teachers must carefully arrange the room so that students have clear pets try and seat these students in front of the room allow them to leave early and they may need comfortable seating now we're going to move on to visual impairments the disability is defined as an impairment in vision even with correction glasses etc that adversely affects a child's educational performance these students have difficulties reading utilizing technology and have a range of eye conditions even if these students have glasses they still have visual deficits identifying letters and differentiating them for example assistive technology is usually necessary large print books work great nowadays these large print books are very easy to find moving on multiple disabilities it is defined as simultaneous impairments such as intellectual disability and blindness occurring at the same time provide modifications and accommodations utilize assistive technology and monitor behavior we are going to need specific modifications and accommodations unfortunately these students often need care throughout their entire life some have difficulties breathing greeting scene etc many of these students receive their education at a hospital or residential school setting second-to-last hearing impairments this is an impairment and hearing or the permanent or fluctuating and is not included under the definition of deafness students have trouble with vocabulary grammar listening to lectures and participating in classroom discussions it may appear these kids aren't paying attention but in fact they haven't heard what was said reading and language arts are generally very difficult for them use voice articulation sign language note takers and assistive technology one lecturing in class be very animated and speak with your hands you should consider hand signaling as a quick formative assessment and last on the board autism a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction generally evident before age three teaching autistic students can be difficult because of a wide range of characteristics that possess these students have unusual fixations and want structured routine and communicate in their own unique ways autism is sometimes called autism spectrum disorder for example Asperger is one of the high-functioning categories be sure to give clear instructions one step at a time and use various cues these students need very clear directions routines and procedures when teaching now if you would like more resources please click on the link below to buy teachers pay teacher's store and don't forget to subscribe to the channel


21 thoughts on “Students with Disabilities: Special Education Categories

  1. I have a learning disability and I have an iep. It sucks honestly, I always get embarrassed whenever my iep teacher pulls me out. I asked my mom once why I had one and she said “you have trouble doing math” okay, so? Just let someone tutor me for math. I always Insist that I do have a learning disability, and my mom isn’t telling me the truth. because some of the characteristics of a LD match me. I always feel like I’m the dumbest person in my whole grade.

  2. All children are not teachable
    We have to stop being in denial when it comes to these kids

    Some children don't have ability to talk work etc but were supposed to teach them?

    They can't learn anything so y r they in school one word money

    The parents get paid to parent the child and the government etc get to teach them

  3. American school systm sux, in my country there is induvidual edycation, special ed and normal ed… Induvidual ed is not much different from normal ed, children just have few more minutes to write test and teachers help them a little.. sped is when you have different books with easiee tasks and u tests are dufferent also you can choose the date you write tests. Ps. I am normal education but i was induvidual ed till third grade but it was an error lol

  4. it Has always been so difficult for me to learn a certain subject like math, my teachers noticed it when I was at the age of 9 and sent me to a different building where they tested me on different subjects. As English and writing was my highest grade; math was always my lowest. Due to the fact that I had a slow learning disability I was sent to the “special Ed classes” and have been there ever since. But since they noticed I was slow in one subject in middle school, they decided to take me out of regular Ed English, and science. I am a functioning 17 year old who is capable of doing certain tasks; and for those who tell us we shouldn’t be let out into the community shouldn’t have any right to judge us for who we are. Thank you for making this video 🙂

  5. M indian ,so undstood n likes wat u xplaind ,concept clear,I also hav a special child,I wish there wil be a day wn my baby wil get normal….,its not xpctation its only a wish,I love him so much…..

  6. I have specific learning disability and it joke to people don't understand anything about it. Resource very limit for specific learning disabilty.

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